Managing the Amazon timber industry

19 de março de 2004

mar 19, 2004

Daniel C. Nepstad, Claudia Azevedo-Ramos, Eirivelthon Lima, David McGrath, Cássio Pereira, Frank Merry

Timber is a strategic resource in Amazon frontier development, providing 250,000 jobs and up to one-fourth of the region’s gross domestic product (Uhl et al. 1997; Veríssimo et al. 2002a, 2002b). Since the 1980s, timber sales have replaced government subsidies as the main economic force behind frontier expansion, financing roads deep into forest wilderness areas and providing funds to invest in forest clear-cutting and pasture formation (Mattos & Uhl 1994; Nepstad et al. in press). Timber obtained through contracts with individual property owners, large and small, accounts for most of the annual roundwood production. Unfortunately, most of the benefits of these agreements have accrued to loggers rather than landowners, and predatory logging practices have led to forest degradation. If properly managed, however, these accords could significantly reduce the expansion of logging activities into the region’s large blocks of sparsely inhabited forests and could provide a strong incentive for landholders to conserve and manage their private forest holdings. But this opportunity will be missed if the new Brazilian government’s forest policy proposal concentrates on government-administered timber concessions in an expanding network of publicly owned forests, as proposed by the previous administration.

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See also

Desmatamento na Amazônia mato-grossense (Prodes/2015): Análise das características do desmatamento e das políticas públicas implementadas

Desmatamento na Amazônia mato-grossense (Prodes/2015): Análise das características do desmatamento e das políticas públicas implementadas

Neste documento, IPAM e ICV (Instituto Centro de Vida) apresentam as características do desmatamento detectado pelo Prodes de Agosto de 2014 a Julho de 2015, além das principais medidas implementadas até hoje para reduzi-lo.