The economic cost of the use of fire in the Amazon

10 de maio de 2004

maio 10, 2004

Mário Jorge Cardoso de Mendonça, Maria del Carmen Vera Diaz, Daniel Nepstad, Ronaldo Seroa da Motta, Ane Alencar, João Carlos Gomes, Ramon Arigoni Ortiza

The objective of this study is to investigate the cost of the use of fire in the Amazon. Burnings are commonplace in the Amazon production process and contribute towards the region’s agricultural expansion. Fire is used by farmers in the land preparation process and in clearing forest areas. It also helps combat plants that overrun pastures. However, fire also generates losses for farmers and landowners when it gets out of control. Since the use of fire from a private perspective obeys an economic rationale, the measurement of losses associated to the use of fire must consider the difference between intentional and accidental fires. This study introduces these important concepts which are fundamental to measure the cost of fire. Losses also reach social proportions. To address this issue, we estimated losses related to the release of carbon into the atmosphere, as well as losses due to respiratory ailments provoked by smoke from fires. Our study covered costs related to accidental pasture fires, fence losses, forest losses, carbon emissions, and impacts on human health. Our most conservative estimates indicate an average cost of around 0.2% of the region’s GDP during the 1996–1999 period.

Full article

Baixar (sujeito à disponibilidade)

Download (subject to availability)

Veja também

See also

Amazon-Bonn: report

Amazon-Bonn: report

In November 14, 2017, the Ministry for Environment of Brazil and the Legal Amazon State Governors Forum, besides the Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany (BMZ), the Amazon Fund and the Amazon Environmental Research Institute (IPAM), invited...