Limits of Brazil’s Forest Code as a means to end illegal deforestation

3 de julho de 2017

jul 3, 2017

Andrea A. Azevedo, Raoni Rajão, Marcelo A. Costa, Marcelo C. C. Stabile, Marcia N. Macedo Tiago N. P. dos Reis, Ane Alencar, Britaldo S. Soares-Filho, and Rayane Pacheco.

A study examines how Brazil’s Forest Code might help curb illegal deforestation. The National Rural Environmental Registry System, or SICAR, in Brazil seeks to improve documentation of property boundaries and to hold landowners accountable for illegal deforestation. Although public land registries offer a promising approach to ensuring sustainable land use, few studies have quantified their effectiveness. Marcelo C. C. Stabile and colleagues used geospatial analyses and stakeholder interviews to assess the land registry system upon which SICAR was modeled: the Rural Environmental Registry, or CAR, which is currently active in two Amazon states. According to the authors, landowners registered rapidly enough with CAR to indicate that incentives to join the system outweighed the costs of not joining. However, while CAR land properties initially exhibited reductions in deforestation compared with unregistered landholdings, the difference diminished over time. Furthermore, only 6% of CAR landowners who were interviewed acted to restore illegally cleared portions of their properties, a key component of CAR and SICAR. According to the authors, better enforcement measures and economic benefits might help ensure that SICAR encourages land owners to adhere to the Forest Code and curb deforestation.

Authors: Andrea A. Azevedo, Raoni Rajão, Marcelo A. Costa, Marcelo C. C. Stabile, Marcia N. Macedo Tiago N. P. dos Reis, Ane Alencar, Britaldo S. Soares-Filho, and Rayane Pacheco.

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REDD no Brasil: um enfoque amazônico

REDD no Brasil: um enfoque amazônico

O livro apresenta e discute as condições favoráveis do Brasil à implementação de um regime nacional de REDD+ e propõe dois modelos de estrutura institucional para a repartição de benefícios: um baseado na distribuição por estados e outra por categorias fundiárias. REDD+ é aqui discutido como um elemento importante na transição do modelo de desenvolvimento da Amazônia para um de baixas emissões de carbono, com distribuição de renda e justiça social.