Ratification

After signing an international treaty, such as the Climate Change Convention or the Kyoto Protocol, a country has to ratify the commitment, often with the approval of its parliament or other legislature. The ratification instrument must be deposited with the UN Secretary-General to, then, begin the 90-day count for the ratifying country to become an integral party. There are minimum ratifications thresholds for the entry into force of international treaties.

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Climate change

Climate change

Changes that are directly or indirectly attributed to human activity and alter the composition of the world's atmosphere and that is added to that caused by the natural climatic variability observed over comparable periods.

Avoided deforestation

Avoided deforestation

It is the reduction in deforestation rate of an area, so that the resulting deforestation rate is lower than in a non-intervention scenario to decrease the forest conversion process.

Deforestation

Deforestation

It is the clearing of forests from the ground. It should be noted that forests are a significant sink for carbon dioxide.