Kyoto Protocol

On December 11, 1997, the Kyoto Protocol was created during the Third Conference of the Parties (COP 3) to the Climate Change Convention, held in Kyoto, Japan. It is a treaty linked to the convention, which defines the responsibilities and obligations of the various parties involved, as a result of the increase of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and their consequences.

According to the treaty, so that industrialized countries that had ratified it could meet the targets to which they were subject, they had to reduce a percentage of gases, for the 2008-2012 period, that, by the end of such commitment period, would have corresponded, in all, to an average reduction of approximately 2,800 million tones.

To this end, the Protocol, which entered into force on February 16, 2005, established three innovative international market mechanisms. It is within this context that the clean development mechanism (CDM) is inserted, as a result of a Brazilian proposal, which, in addition to the certainty of industrial containment of the industrialized countries, provides opportunities for sustainable social and economic development for the growing countries.

The Kyoto Protocol was extended to 2020 during COP 18 in Doha, Qatar. The Paris Agreement, signed during the COP 21, in 2015, will replace the protocol.

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See also

Fossil fuels

Fossil fuels

Fuels such as oil, natural gas, and mineral coal – fossilized plant residues – that are buried in the Earth's crust and reached their present state through chemical reactions over long periods of time. They are produced by the continuous decomposition of organic...

MOP

MOP

Following the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol in 2005, the Conference of the Parties of the UN Climate Change Convention started operating as the meeting of parties (MOP) of the protocol. This body meets in a similar manner to the Conferences of the Parties...

The Brazilian Climate Observatory

The Brazilian Climate Observatory

The Brazilian Climate Observatory (Observatório do Clima, OC) is a Brazilian network of articulation on global climate change established on March 23, 2002. In addition to discussions with experts on climate change, the Observatory promotes the articulation of...