Carbon market

The carbon market has existed since before the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol, when it was possible to observe, in the international market, a growing demand for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions, so that the ton avoided of equivalent carbon (tCO2e) has become a world-traded type of commodity.

In general, the carbon market is divided into two segments:

(i) Kyoto, whose emissions reductions are classified as Kyoto Pre-Compliance, led by the European Union; and
(ii) Non-Kyoto, whose main actor is the United States.

Between these extremes, one can also identify markets that have the prospect of becoming integrated into the Kyoto market in the future, and those that do not have it, being motivated by other interests.

Veja também

See also

The Brazilian Climate Observatory

The Brazilian Climate Observatory

The Brazilian Climate Observatory (Observatório do Clima, OC) is a Brazilian network of articulation on global climate change established on March 23, 2002. In addition to discussions with experts on climate change, the Observatory promotes the articulation of...

Biome

Biome

The word ‘biome’ – ‘bios’ (from Ancient Greek βίο, meaning ‘life’) and ‘ome’ (a variation of ōma, from Ancient Greek ωμα, meaning ‘mass’ or ‘group’) – was first used in 1943 by the American botanist Frederic Edward Clements, to define a biological unit or...