Quantitative reconstruction of vegetation cover from modern pollen rain in the Cerrado biome of Brazil

12 de maio de 2021

maio 12, 2021

Raquel FrancoCassino, Marie-PierreLedru

Fossil pollen assemblages are an important tool to reconstruct vegetation variability at centennial and millennial-scales. However, in the Cerrado biome of Brazil, the influence of the local vegetation, the heterogeneity of the landscape and the accuracy of pollen identification leads to a wide margin of error in interpretation. In this study, we present a method of quantitative reconstruction of past vegetation cover (forest, savanna, and grassland) that accounts for these different aspects.

Our method is based on analysis of 47 surface samples collected in the southern Cerrado biome (east-central Brazil). First, we defined criteria that can be used to identify the local ecosystem (lake, marsh, palm swamp, or gallery forest) represented by the pollen assemblages. The pollen assemblages were then compared to data extracted from vegetation maps, resulting in the assessment of three pollen score equations related to each of the vegetation types (forest, savanna, and grassland). Based on these scores, we developed linear regression models that can be used to reconstruct the proportion of each type of land cover from pollen assemblages. We compared the results obtained for three different areas (respectively with 300 m, 500 m, and 1 km radius) to evaluate the size of the pollen source area for the Cerrado sites. We apply our models to two fossil pollen records to illustrate their use and application. Our method for the quantitative reconstruction of past land cover in the Cerrado biome is a new tool to investigate climate drivers and the long-term effects of fire in this Neotropical savanna.

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Este projeto está alinhado aos Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável (ODS).

Saiba mais em brasil.un.org/pt-br/sdgs.

Veja também

See also

Apresentação Mariane Crespolini – Diálogo sobre a sustentabilidade e a rastreabilidade da cadeia da carne bovina e do couro

Apresentação Mariane Crespolini – Diálogo sobre a sustentabilidade e a rastreabilidade da cadeia da carne bovina e do couro

Apresentação de Mariane Crespolini, Diretora do Departamento de Produção Sustentável e Irrigação do MAPA, sobre Políticas Públicas e Marcos Regulatórios Nacionais para a Pecuária, exibida no evento Diálogo sobre a sustentabilidade e a rastreabilidade da cadeia da carne bovina e do couro.