Baseline

The baseline of a project is the scenario that represents the level of anthropogenic emissions/removals of CO2 equivalent that would occur in the absence of the proposed project activity. It serves as a basis for both verification of additionality and quantification of certified emissions eeductions (CERs) arising from clean development mechanism (CDM) project activities.

The certified emissions reductions will be calculated precisely by the difference between baseline emissions and emissions verified as a result of CDM project activities, including leakage. The baseline is qualified and quantified based on a business-as-usual scenario.

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Designated National Authority

Designated National Authority

Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects require domestic monitoring by parties representing the government of the countries involved in the project. Such authority, known as Designated National Authority (DNA), is invested with great responsibility to approve...

Climate change

Climate change

Changes that are directly or indirectly attributed to human activity and alter the composition of the world's atmosphere and that is added to that caused by the natural climatic variability observed over comparable periods.

Protocol

Protocol

A protocol is always linked to an existing convention but is a separate and additional agreement that must be signed and ratified by the "signatory" parties to the convention. Protocols strengthen a convention, usually by adding new and more detailed commitments.