Externality

The fact of existing outside the perceiving subject. This economic phenomenon can be categorized as positive or negative when, in the price of the good placed on the market, the social gains and losses resulting from its production or consumption, respectively, are not included. Externality means a market failure, in the sense that the product put on the market does not have a price that contains all of the gains or losses resulting from its production.

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Agroforestry systems

Agroforestry systems

Forms of land-use and land-management, in which trees or shrubs are used together with crop and/or animals in the same area, simultaneously or in a sequence of time. They must include at least one tree or shrub forest species, which can be combined with one or more...

Greenhouse gases (GHG)

Greenhouse gases (GHG)

Gaseous constituents of the atmosphere, from natural or anthropic sources, that absorb and re-emit infrared radiation. The UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol count for carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), accompanied by...